My Blog List

Wednesday, March 22, 2017

Triggering UFT/QTP Tests from CI Tools (outside of ALM/QC)

In the CI (Continuous Integration) world, we would be in the position to trigger UFT/QTP scripts from outside of ALM/QC and there we may have 2 options like;

1. Running UFT tests stored in plain Windows File System folder
2. Running UFT tests stored in ALM

Both these options are being utilized by lot of testers effectively and working great. Here I would like to give some light on what if we need to update results to particular test set instance in ALM while triggering tests from outside of ALM. 
You should have seen the result options in the dialog which pops up when we are trying start running from UFT/QTP itself and we will select the option and hit OK to start running. Here we need to select those options from API.


VBScript:

Sub LaunchAndRunUFT()
    Dim oUFT, appUFTResults, uftTestParamDef, uftTestParams, oFSO
    
    'Launch UFT
    Set oFSO = CreateObject("Scripting.FileSystemObject")
    Set oUFT = CreateObject("QuickTest.Application")
    Set appUFTResults = CreateObject("QuickTest.RunResultsOptions")
    oUFT.Launch
    oUFT.Visible = True
    
    'Connect to ALM
    If Not oUFT.TDConnection.IsConnected Then
        oUFT.TDConnection.Connect "ALM URL", "ALM_DOMAIN", "ALM_PROJECT", "ALM_UserID", "ALM_Password", False 'True if it's encrypted password
    End If
    
    'Open the test
    oUFT.Open "[ALM] Subject\MYTestInALM", True
    
    'Set params and run
    Set uftTestParamDef = oUFT.Test.ParameterDefinitions
    Set uftTestParams = uftTestParamDef.GetParameters()
    uftTestParams.Item("MyTestParameter").Value = "ValueToPass" 'if you want to pass Test Parameters

    'appUFTResults.ResultsLocation = "" 'if you are storing in Windows File System
    appUFTResults.TDTestSet = "Root\TESTSET_FOLDER\TEST_SET"
    appUFTResults.TDTestInstance = 1
    oUFT.Test.Run appUFTResults, True, uftTestParams
    
    'Close
    oUFT.TDConnection.Disconnect
    oUFT.Quit
End Sub

.Net (C#):

public void LaunchAndRunUFT()
        {
            //Launch UFT
            System.Type uftType = System.Type.GetTypeFromProgID("QuickTest.Application");
            dynamic oUFT = System.Activator.CreateInstance(uftType);
            oUFT.Visible = true;
            oUFT.Launch();

            System.Type uftResultType = System.Type.GetTypeFromProgID("QuickTest.RunResultsOptions");
            dynamic oUFTResults = System.Activator.CreateInstance(uftResultType);

            //Connect to ALM
            if (!oUFT.TDConnection.IsConnected)
            {
                oUFT.TDConnection.Connect("ALM URL", "ALM_DOMAIN", "ALM_PROJECT", "ALM_UserID", "ALM_Password", false);
            }

            //Open the test
            oUFT.Open(@"[ALM] Subject\MyTestInALM", true, false);

            //Set params and run
            dynamic oUFTTestParamDef = oUFT.Test.ParameterDefinitions;
            dynamic oUFTTestParams = oUFTTestParamDef.GetParameters();

            oUFTTestParams["MyTestParameter"].Value = "ValueToPass";

            //appUFTResults.ResultsLocation = ""
            oUFTResults.TDTestSet = @"Root\TESTSET_FOLDER\TEST_SET";
            oUFTResults.TDTestInstance = 1;
            oUFT.Test.Run(oUFTResults, true, oUFTTestParams);

            //Close
            oUFT.TDConnection.Disconnect();
            oUFT.Quit();

        }

Wednesday, December 28, 2016

Generate Test Execution Report with Screenshots inbuilt

How to generate HTML report with inbuilt screenshots?

Lot of automation testers would come across this path while trying to integrate their automation solution with some test management tool or trying to send the execution report to management team. The main issue we face here is that we need to attach the screenshots also while sending or uploading into another tool.
What would you think if we can convert the image into bytes and store it inside the HTML itself?
Yes. You are right. We can attach the screenshots and report statements in one single html file and easily we can attach or send it to anybody.

Function convertImageToBytes(strScreenshotFilePath)
  Dim streamInput, bytesStream, oDOM, tmpElement
  
  Set streamInput = CreateObject("ADODB.Stream")
  Set oDOM = CreateObject("Microsoft.XMLDOM")  
  streamInput.Open
  streamInput.Type = 1  ' adTypeBinary
  streamInput.LoadFromFile strScreenshotPath
  bytesStream = streamInput.Read  
  
  Set tmpElement = oDOM.createElement("tmp")
  tmpElement.dataType = "bin.base64"
  tmpElement.nodeTypedValue = bytesStream
  convertImageToBytes = "data:image/png;base64," & Replace(tmpElement.text, vbLf, "")
End Function

You can get this content and assign to some attribute in html; and you can utilize it to build some logic around it to show the screenshot.
You can get lot of examples for this html logic in w3schools.

Tuesday, April 19, 2016

Sample Cucumber with Java

Most of us should have heard about the term BDD - Behavious Driven Development. In this post, I would like to give some intro about familiar BDD framework called Cucumber and why we need BDD.

Why BDD?
Once people started moving to Test Driven Development (TDD), it helped a lot interms of reducing the bugs in development stage itself as every feature was developed by creating smaller unit tests, making it FAIL and coding the functionalities to make it PASS.

But eventually, the BAs and testers are not able to follow these testing practices and thus gap in communication which lead to lot of mis-understanding the features/requirements.

So, experts wanted a framework which should take inputs like normal people speaking English and should run the tests based on those requirement. Also this requirement will support as documentation of features to understand by testers/BAs/devs. Thus BDD was born.

BDD keywords:
Given, When, Then and And

Example:

Scenario: Login to Facebook
 Given Facebook login page
 When I enter valid username and passowrd
 Then I should see my home page
 And I should see my name

If you see above scenario, this will act as requirement as well as documentation. We are using this feature scenarios and connecting each steps to our own selenium steps written in java or any other language and running it.

To understand the .feature files and options that we can use for different way of execution, control, etc., read this documentation.
https://cucumber.io/docs/reference

You can find the sample project and start learning on your own.
https://github.com/SCSVEL/SampleCucumber-FB

Friday, April 15, 2016

Continuous Integration, Testing and Delivery

Based on the knowledge gathered from QA and DevOps experts, presenting a simple graphic which represents how actually the CONTINUOUS delivery works. Also this will help to differentiate each from other.



Monday, March 28, 2016

Selenium - TestNG - Jenkins Integration

As current agile development process keep on expecting more testing with continuous integration stuff, I am going to give brief summary about how we can integrate the CI process with Jenkins.

Pre-Requesties:
1. Your Selenium project
2. Your Selenium and TestNG lib locations
3. Jenkins installed. Ensure IIS in your machine installed and you can access Jenkins Dashboard using http://localhost:8080/

Before creating a job under Jenkins, try to run your selenium tests from command line.

Selenium - CommandLine:

Let's say, you have project called SeleniumProject under C:\Eclipse folder. Assume you have all your JAR files (Selenium Jars, TestNG Jars, etc) under C:\Eclipse\JARs folder.

Now you can prepare your command.

1. Go to Project location
cd "C:\Eclipse\SeleniumProject"

2. Execute your testng.xml suite by setting the requied class path.
java -cp "bin;..\JARs\*" org.testng.TestNG testng.xml

-cp means class path
bin - bin path to look into class files to execute
..\JARs\* - to refer the JARs location and to include all JARs
testng.xml - assumed testng.xml file is under the project folder

Now it should run the tests. If working fine, then you can update the command in Jenkins.

Jenkins Job:

1. Go to Manage Jenkins --> Configure System and set the JDK installation path.
2. Create New Item of type Freestyle project
3. Under Build section, add build step of type Windows Execute Batch Command
4. Provide your commands and Save.
cd "C:\Eclipse\SeleniumProject"
java -cp "bin;..\JARs\*" org.testng.TestNG testng.xml
5. Now you can run and test.

Go to your newly created project and click Build Now. You can see the build process running and see the output.

Monday, June 8, 2015

Handling Objects not recognized as standard type

While doing automation on UI, we will face lot of scenarios like Object not identified as expected type and will scratch our head how to simulate such object set, click, etc.

We have some options to simulate actions on such controls using WScript.Shell or Mercury.DeviceReplay
The only thing, we need to instruct the those APIs at whichposition exactly it need to perform the actions.

You can do with absolute poistion:
x = yourObject.GetROProperty("abs_x") + (yourObject.GetROProperty("width") / 2)
y = yourObject.GetROProperty("abs_y") + (yourObject.GetROProperty("height") / 2)
Set MerRply = CreateObject("Mercury.DeviceReplay")
MerRply.MouseClick x + 5, y, LEFT_MOUSE_BUTTON

You can use relative position:
x = yourObject.GetROProperty("width") / 2
y = yourObject.GetROProperty("height") / 2
yourObject.Click x, y, LEFT_MOUSE_BUTTON

If you want to type on the controls, simulate the type using SendKeys followed by click action.

UFT - Take full page screenshot by scrolling the page


'########################################################################################
'This is navigate through the full page and taking individual screenshot of visible area
'########################################################################################
Function TakeScreenshot
 Dim intScrolls, intScroll, strScrollPos
 Set pgApp = Browser("").Page("")

 intScrolls = Round(pgApp.RunScript("document.documentElement.scrollHeight / (screen.height)"), 2)
 If intScrolls < 1 Then intScrolls = -1

 pgApp.RunScript "window.scrollTo(0, 0);"
 Wait 1
 Browser("").CaptureBitmap "C:\screenshot0.png", True
 For intScroll = 0 To intScrolls
  If Environment.Value("Browser") = "CHROME" Then
   strScrollPos = "scrollY"
  Else
   strScrollPos = "document.documentElement.scrollTop"
  End If
  If pgApp.RunScript("document.documentElement.scrollHeight - " & strScrollPos) > pgApp.RunScript("screen.height") Then  
   intY = pgApp.RunScript(strScrollPos & " + screen.height - 168;")
   pgApp.RunScript "window.scrollTo(0, " & intY & ");"
   Wait 1  
   Browser("").CaptureBitmap "screenshot" & (intScroll + 1) & ".png", True
  End If          
 Next
 
 'To merge the images to generate full page screenshot
 Call MergeImages
End Function

'########################################################################################
'This is to merge all individual images to one full page screenshot
'########################################################################################
Function MergeImages   
    Dim drawImage, grapImage, imgFormat, imgLayer, imgPT
    Set drawImage = DotNetFactory.CreateInstance("System.Drawing.Bitmap", "System.Drawing", 1920, 1050)
    drawImage.SetResolution 50, 45
    Set grapImage = DotNetFactory.CreateInstance("System.Drawing.Graphics").FromImage(drawImage)
   
    Set imgLayer = DotNetFactory.CreateInstance("System.Drawing.Bitmap", "System.Drawing", "C:\screenshot0.png")
    Set imgPT = DotNetFactory.CreateInstance("System.Drawing.Point", "System.Drawing", 0, 0)
    grapImage.DrawImage Layer1, pt1
   
    Set imgLayer = DotNetFactory.CreateInstance("System.Drawing.Bitmap", "System.Drawing", "C:\screenshot1.png")
    Set imgPT = DotNetFactory.CreateInstance("System.Drawing.Point", "System.Drawing", 0, 540)
    grapImage.DrawImageUnScaled Layer2, pt2
   
    Set imgFormat = DotNetFactory.CreateInstance("System.Drawing.Imaging.ImageFormat", "System.Drawing", Nothing)
    drawImage.Save "finalScreenshot.png", format.PNG
End Function


This code is for UFT/VBScript and you can use the same logic by applying different APIs available for SELENIUM or any other tools.