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Robotic Process Automation vs Traditional Test Automation vs Process/Task Automation

In IT industry, the term RPA is keep on hearing all sides of the walls for a while; and I was so confused about What's the difference from the test automation tools in the market and what's more into it. I did some search, understanding, and writing this post to share with you all. If I am not correct, PLEASE correct me.

Traditional Test Automation:
First, we have to recall the test automation tool QTP or UFT (Initially developed by Mercury Interactive Corporation(MIC) after WinRunner, then sold to HP, and again MicroFocus acquired from HP now). If you look into the architecture of this tool, MIC was trying to convert the testers into more efficient testers i.e. Testers were executing the test cases manually for regression suites, performance suites, etc. which had lot of repetitive tasks done by human testers instead of concentrating into new ideas or bug finding strategies to improve the quality of the product. 

Thus WinRunner was introduced but it was demanding more technical …
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Triggering UFT/QTP Tests from CI Tools (outside of ALM/QC)

In the CI (Continuous Integration) world, we would be in the position to trigger UFT/QTP scripts from outside of ALM/QC and there we may have 2 options like;

1. Running UFT tests stored in plain Windows File System folder
2. Running UFT tests stored in ALM

Both these options are being utilized by lot of testers effectively and working great. Here I would like to give some light on what if we need to update results to particular test set instance in ALM while triggering tests from outside of ALM. 
You should have seen the result options in the dialog which pops up when we are trying start running from UFT/QTP itself and we will select the option and hit OK to start running. Here we need to select those options from API.

VBScript:Sub LaunchAndRunUFT()
    Dim oUFT, appUFTResults, uftTestParamDef, uftTestParams, oFSO

    'Launch UFT
    Set oFSO = CreateObject("Scripting.FileSystemObject")
    Set oUFT = CreateObject("QuickTest.Application")
    Set appUFTResults = CreateOb…

Generate Test Execution Report with Screenshots inbuilt

How to generate HTML report with inbuilt screenshots?Lot of automation testers would come across this path while trying to integrate their automation solution with some test management tool or trying to send the execution report to management team. The main issue we face here is that we need to attach the screenshots also while sending or uploading into another tool.
What would you think if we can convert the image into bytes and store it inside the HTML itself?
Yes. You are right. We can attach the screenshots and report statements in one single html file and easily we can attach or send it to anybody.

Function convertImageToBytes(strScreenshotFilePath)
  Dim streamInput, bytesStream, oDOM, tmpElement

  Set streamInput = CreateObject("ADODB.Stream")
  Set oDOM = CreateObject("Microsoft.XMLDOM")  
  streamInput.Type = 1  ' adTypeBinary
  streamInput.LoadFromFile strScreenshotPath
  bytesStream = streamInput.Read  

  Set tmpElement = oDOM.createElement(…

Sample Cucumber with Java

Most of us should have heard about the term BDD - Behavious Driven Development. In this post, I would like to give some intro about familiar BDD framework called Cucumber and why we need BDD.

Why BDD?
Once people started moving to Test Driven Development (TDD), it helped a lot interms of reducing the bugs in development stage itself as every feature was developed by creating smaller unit tests, making it FAIL and coding the functionalities to make it PASS.

But eventually, the BAs and testers are not able to follow these testing practices and thus gap in communication which lead to lot of mis-understanding the features/requirements.

So, experts wanted a framework which should take inputs like normal people speaking English and should run the tests based on those requirement. Also this requirement will support as documentation of features to understand by testers/BAs/devs. Thus BDD was born.

BDD keywords:
Given, When, Then and And


Scenario: Login to Facebook
 Given Facebook login page

Continuous Integration, Testing and Delivery

Based on the knowledge gathered from QA and DevOps experts, presenting a simple graphic which represents how actually the CONTINUOUS delivery works. Also this will help to differentiate each from other.

Selenium - TestNG - Jenkins Integration

As current agile development process keep on expecting more testing with continuous integration stuff, I am going to give brief summary about how we can integrate the CI process with Jenkins.

1. Your Selenium project
2. Your Selenium and TestNG lib locations
3. Jenkins installed. Ensure IIS in your machine installed and you can access Jenkins Dashboard using http://localhost:8080/

Before creating a job under Jenkins, try to run your selenium tests from command line.

Selenium - CommandLine:

Let's say, you have project called SeleniumProject under C:\Eclipse folder. Assume you have all your JAR files (Selenium Jars, TestNG Jars, etc) under C:\Eclipse\JARs folder.

Now you can prepare your command.

1. Go to Project location
cd "C:\Eclipse\SeleniumProject"

2. Execute your testng.xml suite by setting the requied class path.
java -cp "bin;..\JARs\*" org.testng.TestNG testng.xml

-cp means class path
bin - bin path to look into class files to execute

Handling Objects not recognized as standard type

While doing automation on UI, we will face lot of scenarios like Object not identified as expected type and will scratch our head how to simulate such object set, click, etc.

We have some options to simulate actions on such controls using WScript.Shell or Mercury.DeviceReplay
The only thing, we need to instruct the those APIs at whichposition exactly it need to perform the actions.

You can do with absolute poistion:
x = yourObject.GetROProperty("abs_x")+(yourObject.GetROProperty("width")/2) y = yourObject.GetROProperty("abs_y")+(yourObject.GetROProperty("height")/2)Set MerRply =CreateObject("Mercury.DeviceReplay") MerRply.MouseClick x + 5, y, LEFT_MOUSE_BUTTON
You can use relative position:
x = yourObject.GetROProperty("width")/2 y = yourObject.GetROProperty("height")/2 yourObject.Click x, y, LEFT_MOUSE_BUTTON
If you want to type on the controls, simulate the type using SendKeys followed by click action.